Gambling in the Philippines

Gambling in the Philippines was current since the nineteenth century,[1] and is still prevalent in the country today. Currently, it takes on different legal and illegal forms found nearly all over the archipelago. The government handles gambling throughout the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) that aims to govern and operate games of chance, and to create government funds,[2] but there are also several other public and private agencies that handles specific kinds of gambling. Specifically, casino gambling under PAGCOR is necessary to the nation’s tourism and revenue. The Philippines has more casinos than Macau, with twenty located in Metro Manila alone.
Before the Spanish colonization.,[1] gaming is said to have been present in the Philippines. Even though there are no exact records when gaming was first practiced in the archipelago, it is possible that a few forms were introduced by the Chinese in the late sixteenth century. Due to the proximity of the two countries, many local Chinese would go to the Philippines for business and profit, engaging in different trades and activities. [4][5] About Magellan’s voyage to the Philippines, it had been noted in the accounts of Antonio Pigafetta, that he had witnessed bets being placed on cockfights when his ship came at Palawan in 1521.

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