Basic structure and rules for writing an essay.

Basic structure and rules for writing an essay.

Basic Essay Structure

The best, most conventional essay structure in English includes introduction > body > conclusion. Many papers that are academic this structure, though it is generally adapted in some way to suit different topics and purposes.

This structure is popular as it helps to ensure that the primary points associated with essay have become clear and well supported. The introduction provides the writer’s overall point and purpose in the essay. The body gives support for this point that is overall. The conclusion restates the point that is overall.

In more detail, a prototype essay with this structure includes:


The goal of the introduction is always to capture your reader’s attention, lead the reader into the topic and give the reader your overall point or purpose.

A conventional structure for introductions is general to specific. These introductions start out with some general statements on a subject (e.g. a development or trend, an interesting fact, a situation, a standard belief or argument), before moving on the particular issue or problem that the essay will deal with. They end with the point that is overall intent behind the essay – which is sometimes called the thesis statement. This thesis statement must be supported essay writer by then the other countries in the essay.

Everybody knows that vitamin D is the sunshine vitamin, and that vitamin D is really important once and for all health. Researchers have indicated that vitamin D prevents illnesses such as for instance rickets, improves the healthiness of your skin, regulates the immune protection system and increases the rate of metabolism (Nordwist 2000). Despite this knowledge that is general however, lots of people today still have problems with vitamin D deficiencies around the world. This essay overviews what causes this health problem that is continuing.

(Adapted from Reed 1988: the method of Composition)

Note: if the essay is created in response to a particular question, make sure that your thesis statement is clearly strongly related the question!


The body associated with essay is split into paragraphs. The goal within these paragraphs is to clearly support your essay’s thesis statement.

Clear paragraphs usually contain just one single main point which is then supported. The overall point in the paragraph is called the topic sentence. This typically occurs at the start of the paragraph.

A significant cause of vitamin D deficiency is limited sun exposure. Human skin produces vitamin D when it’s exposed to the sunlight. Lots of people who live not even close to the equator into the northern and hemispheres that are southern inadequate experience of the sun because the sun’s rays are not strong enough during winter season. Having an occupation that is indoor using sunscreen also limit the total amount of sun exposure a person receives.

(Adapted from “Better Medicine, Healthgrades” 2012)

The primary point of this example paragraph is expressed into the topic sentence, “An important reason behind vitamin D deificiency is restricted sun exposure”. This point will be explained by the other countries in the paragraph.

Make sure that you support your topic sentence well before moving onto a unique point and new paragraph. When you’re with several short paragraphs, you almost certainly want to think more info on your argument and read more regarding your topic to build up your thinking. Otherwise, your reader will find your argument hasty and superficial.

Make sure also that your particular paragraphs are sequenced logically so the reader can easily follow your line of thought throughout the essay. This often involves paragraphs that are starting logical connectors:

The issue that is final may cause.

This reminds your reader of this overall point/purpose regarding the essay and ties the essay together.


The purpose of the final outcome is to briefly remind the reader of your overall point, possibly suggest wider implications, and provide the essay a satisfying sense of closure.

To summarize, vitamin D deficiency is actually more wide-spread than a lot of people realize. In developing countries, the cause is actually poverty and resulting malnutrition. In Western countries, however, the issue is typically an overly processed or imbalanced diet. More effort therefore should be made to increasing awareness that is public of vitamin D sources.

The conclusion is yet another good possibility to tie the essay together and work out it clear that you’ve got supported your point well.

Remember that in an exceedingly short paper, you need to avoid giving an excessive amount of an overview. The reader will remember most of the true points, therefore it will feel unnecessary. Instead, summarize only briefly that is very then move onto wider implications and final comments.